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Detection of CSF1 rearrangements deleting the 3′ UTR in tenosynovial giant cell tumors

Ho, Julie, Peters, Thomas, Dickson, Brendan, Swanson, David, Fernandez, Anita, Frova-Seguin, Aurelie, Valentin, Marie-Anne, Schramm-Franz, Ursula, Sultan, Marc, Nielsen, Torsten and Demicco, Elizabeth (2019) Detection of CSF1 rearrangements deleting the 3′ UTR in tenosynovial giant cell tumors. Genes Chromosomes and Cancer. ISSN 10982264


Tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCTs) are characterized by rearrangements of CSF1, thought to drive overexpression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF1), thereby promoting tumor growth and recruitment of non-neoplastic mononuclear and multinucleated inflammatory cells. While fusions to collagen promoters have been described, the mechanism of CSF1 overexpression has been unclear in a majority of cases. Two cohorts of TGCT were investigated for CSF1 rearrangements using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and either RNA-seq or DNA-seq with Sanger validation. The study comprised 39 patients, including 13 localized TGCT, 21 diffuse TGCT, and five of unspecified type. CSF1 rearrangements were identified by FISH in 30 cases: 13 translocations, 17 3′ deletions. Sequencing confirmed CSF1 breakpoints in 28 cases; in all 28 the breakpoint was found to be downstream of exon 5, replacing or deleting a long 3′ UTR containing known miRNA and AU-rich element negative regulatory sequences. We also confirmed the presence of CBL exon 8-9 mutations in six of 21 cases. In conclusion, TGCT in our large cohort were characterized by variable alterations, all of which led to truncation of the 3′ end of CSF1, instead of the COL6A3-CSF1 fusions previously reported in some TGCTs. The diversity of fusion partners but consistent integrity of CSF1 functional domains encoded by exons 1-5 support a hypothesis that CSF1 overexpression results from transcription of a truncated form of CSF1 lacking 3′ negative regulatory sequences. The presence of CBL mutations affecting the linker and RING finger domain suggests an alternative mechanism for increased CSF1/CSF1R signaling in some cases.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: 3′ UTR CBL CSF1 pigmented villonodular synovitis tenosynovial giant cell tumor
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 00:45


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