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Metadata-Guided Visual Representation Learning for Biomedical Images

Spiegel, Stephan and Hossain, Imtiaz and Ball, Christopher and Zhang, Xian (2019) Metadata-Guided Visual Representation Learning for Biomedical Images. BioRxiv.

Abstract

Motivation:

The clustering of biomedical images according to their phenotype is an important step in early drug discovery. Modern high-content-screening devices easily produce thousands of cell images, but the resulting data is usually unlabelled and it requires extra effort to construct a visual representation that supports the grouping according to the presented morphological characteristics.

Results:

We introduce a novel approach to visual representation learning that is guided by metadata. In high-content-screening, meta-data can typically be derived from the experimental layout, which links each cell image of a particular assay to the tested chemical compound and corresponding compound concentration. In general, there exists a one-to-many relationship between phenotype and compound, since various molecules and different dosage can lead to one and the same alterations in biological cells.

Our empirical results show that metadata-guided visual representation learning is an effective approach for clustering biomedical images. We have evaluated our proposed approach on both benchmark and real- world biological data. Furthermore, we have juxtaposed implicit and explicit learning techniques, where both loss function and batch con- struction differ. Our experiments demonstrate that metadata-guided visual representation learning is able to identify commonalities and distinguish differences in visual appearance that lead to meaningful clusters, even without image-level annotations.

Note:

Please refer to the supplementary material for implementation details on metadata-guided visual representation learning strategies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Deep Learning, Neural Network, Feature Embedding, Visual Representation
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/40533

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