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Alkaloids purified from the Aristotelia chilensis tree inhibit the human α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor with higher potency compared to human α4β2 and α7 subtypes

Arias, Hugo R and Ortells, Marcelo O and Feuerbach, Dominik and Burgos, Viviana and Paz, Cristian (2019) Alkaloids purified from the Aristotelia chilensis tree inhibit the human α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor with higher potency compared to human α4β2 and α7 subtypes. Journal of natural products.

Abstract

The alkaloids aristone, aristoteline, and aristoquinoline are purified from the leaves of the Maqui tree Aristotelia chilensis and chemically characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The pharmacological activity of these natural compounds is subsequently determined on human (h) α3β4, α4β2, and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) by Ca2+ influx measurements. The results establish that these alkaloids do not have agonistic, but inhibitory, activity on any receptor subtype. The obtained IC50 values indicate the following receptor selectivity: hα3β4 > hα4β2 >> hα7. In the particular case of hα3β4 AChRs, aristoteline (0.40 ± 0.20 µM) and aristoquinoline (0.96 ± 0.38 µM) show higher potencies compared to aristone (167 ± 3 µM). Molecular docking and structure-activity relationship results indicate that ligand lipophilicity is important for the interaction with the luminal site located close to the cytoplasmic side of the hα3β4 ion channel between positions 2' and -4'. Aristoteline could be used as a molecular scaffold for the development of more potent noncompetitive inhibitors with higher selectivity for the hα3β4 AChR that could serve for novel addiction and depression therapies.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/39599

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