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Enzymatic interconversion of the oxysterols 7β,25-dihydroxycholesterol and 7-keto,25-hydroxycholesterol by 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and 2

Beck, Katharina R. and Kanagaratnam, Sharavan and Kratschmar, Denise V. and Birk, Julia and Yamaguchi, Hideaki and Sailer, Andreas and Seuwen, Klaus and Odermatt, Alex (2019) Enzymatic interconversion of the oxysterols 7β,25-dihydroxycholesterol and 7-keto,25-hydroxycholesterol by 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and 2. Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 190. pp. 19-28. ISSN 1879-1220

Abstract

Oxysterols are cholesterol metabolites derived through either autoxidation or enzymatic processes. They consist of a large family of bioactive lipids that have been associated with the progression of multiple pathologies. In order to unravel (patho-)physiological mechanisms involving oxysterols, it is crucial to elucidate the underlying formation and degradation of oxysterols. A role of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11β-HSDs) in oxysterol metabolism by catalyzing the interconversion of 7-ketocholesterol (7kC) and 7β-hydroxycholesterol (7βOHC) has already been reported. The present study addresses a function of 11β-HSD1 in the enzymatic generation of 7β,25-dihydroxycholesterol (7β25OHC) from 7-keto,25-hydroxycholesterol (7k25OHC) and tested whether 11β-HSD2 is able to catalyze the reverse reaction. For the first time, using recombinant enzymes, the formation of 7k25OHC from 7kC by cholesterol 25-hydroxylase (CH25H) and further stereospecific oxoreduction to 7β25OHC by human and mouse 11β-HSD1 could be demonstrated. Additionally, experiments using human 11β-HSD2 showed the oxidation of 7β25OHC to 7k25OHC. Molecular modeling provided an explanation for the stereospecific interconversion of 7β25OHC and 7k25OHC. Production of the Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 2 (EBI2) ligand 7β25OHC from 7k25OHC in challenged tissue by 11β-HSD1 may be important in inflammation. In conclusion, these results demonstrate a novel glucocorticoid-independent pre-receptor regulation mediated by 11β-HSDs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 7-ketocholesterol Cholesterol 25-hydroxylase Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 2 Metabolism Oxysterol
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/38903

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