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A Novel T-Cell Engaging Bi-specific Antibody Targeting the Leukemia Antigen PR1/HLA-A2

Herrmann, Amanda C. and Im, Jin S. and Pareek, Sumedha and Ruiz-Vasquez, Wilfredo and Lu, Sijie and Sergeeva, Anna and Mehrens, Jennifer and He, Hong and Alatrash, Gheath and Sukhumalchandra, Pariya and St. John, Lisa and Clise-Dwyer, Karen and Zha, Dongxing and Molldrem, Jeffrey J. (2019) A Novel T-Cell Engaging Bi-specific Antibody Targeting the Leukemia Antigen PR1/HLA-A2. Frontiers in Immunology, 9. ISSN 1664-3224

Abstract

Despite substantial advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), only 30% of patients survive more than 5 years. Therefore, new therapeutics are much needed. Here, we present a novel therapeutic strategy targeting PR1, an HLA-A2 restricted myeloid leukemia antigen. Previously, we have developed and characterized a novel T-cell receptor-like monoclonal antibody (8F4) that targets PR1/HLA-A2 and eliminates AML xenografts by antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). To improve the potency of 8F4, we adopted a strategy to link T-cell cytotoxicity with a bi-specific T-cell-engaging antibody that binds PR1/HLA-A2 on leukemia and CD3 on neighboring T-cells. The 8F4 bi-specific antibody maintained high affinity and specific binding to PR1/HLA-A2 comparable to parent 8F4 antibody, shown by flow cytometry and Bio-Layer Interferometry. In addition, 8F4 bi-specific antibody activated donor T-cells in the presence of HLA-A2+ primary AML blasts and cell lines in a dose dependent manner. Importantly, activated T-cells lysed HLA-A2+ primary AML blasts and cell lines after addition of 8F4 bi-specific antibody. In conclusion, our studies demonstrate the therapeutic potential of a novel bi-specific antibody targeting the PR1/HLA-A2 leukemia-associated antigen, justifying further clinical development of this strategy.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/38824

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