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Extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis activate pannexin-1 to drive NLRP3 inflammasome assembly

Chen, Kaiwen, Demarco, Benjamin, Shkarina, Kateryna, Boettcher, Andreas, Farady, Christopher, Heilig, Rosalie, Broz, Petr and Pelzcar, P (2019) Extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis activate pannexin-1 to drive NLRP3 inflammasome assembly. EMBO Journal. ISSN 14602075


Pyroptosis is a form of lytic inflammatory cell death driven by inflammatory caspase-1, caspase-4, caspase-5 and caspase-11. These caspases cleave and activate the pore-forming protein gasdermin D (GSDMD) to induce membrane damage. By contrast, apoptosis is driven by apoptotic caspase-8 or caspase-9 and has traditionally been classified as an immunologically silent form of cell death. Emerging evidence suggests that therapeutics designed for cancer chemotherapy or inflammatory disorders such as SMAC mimetics, TAK1 inhibitors and BH3 mimetics promote caspase-8 or caspase-9-dependent inflammatory cell death and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. However, the mechanism by which caspase-8 or caspase-9 triggers cell lysis and NLRP3 activation is still undefined. Here, we demonstrate that during extrinsic apoptosis, caspase-1 and caspase-8 cleave GSDMD to promote lytic cell death. By engineering a novel Gsdmd D88A knock-in mouse, we further demonstrate that this proinflammatory function of caspase-8 is counteracted by caspase-3-dependent cleavage and inactivation of GSDMD at aspartate 88, and is essential to suppress GSDMD-dependent cell lysis during caspase-8-dependent apoptosis. Lastly, we provide evidence that channel-forming glycoprotein pannexin-1, but not GSDMD or GSDME promotes NLRP3 inflammasome activation during caspase-8 or caspase-9-dependent apoptosis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: apoptosis gasdermin NLRP3 pannexin-1 pyroptosis
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2019 00:45


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