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Pharmacological Inhibition of GPR4 remediates intestinal inflammation in a mouse colitis model

Sanderlin, Edward J. and Marie, Mona and Velcicky, Juraj and Loetscher, Pius and Yang, Li V. (2019) Pharmacological Inhibition of GPR4 remediates intestinal inflammation in a mouse colitis model. European journal of pharmacology, 852. pp. 218-230. ISSN 00142999

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic, recurring inflammation of the digestive tract. Current therapeutic approaches are limited and include biologics and steroids such as anti-TNFα monoclonal antibodies and corticosteroids, respectively. Significant adverse drug effects can occur for chronic usage and include increased risk of infection in some patients. GPR4, a pH-sensing G protein-coupled receptor, has recently emerged as a potential therapeutic target for intestinal inflammation. We have assessed the effects of a GPR4 antagonist, 2-(4-((2-Ethyl-5,7-dimethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-3-yl)methyl)phenyl)-5-(piperidin-4-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (GPR4 antagonist 13, also known as NE 52-QQ57) in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis mouse model. The GPR4 antagonist 13 inhibited intestinal inflammation. The clinical parameters such as body weight loss and fecal score were reduced in the GPR4 antagonist 13 treatment group compared to vehicle control. Macroscopic disease indicators such as colon shortening, splenic expansion, and mesenteric lymph node enlargement were all reduced in severity in the GPR4 antagonist 13 treated mice. Histopathological features of active colitis were alleviated in GPR4 antagonist 13 treatment groups compared to vehicle control. Finally, inflammatory gene expression in the colon tissues and vascular adhesion molecule expression in the intestinal endothelia were attenuated by GPR4 antagonist 13. Our results indicate that GPR4 antagonist 13 provides a protective effect in the DSS-induced acute colitis mouse model, and inhibition of GPR4 can be explored as a novel anti-inflammatory approach.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/38422

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