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MAA868, a novel Factor XI antibody with a unique binding mode, shows long-lasting anticoagulation effects in humans

Koch, Alexander and Schiering, Nikolaus and Ewert, Stefan and Salter, Janeen and Zhang, Yiming and Mccormack, Peter and Yu, Jianying and Huang, Xueming and Chiu, Yu-Hsin and Chen, Zhiping and Schleeger, Simone and Horny, Geraldine and DiPetrillo, Keith and Muller, Lionel and Hein, Andreas and Villard, Frederic and Scharenberg, Meike and Ramage, Paul and Hassiepen, Ulrich and De Gagne, Julie and Krantz, Carsten and Eder, Joerg and Stoll, Brian and Kulmatycki, Kenneth and Basson, Craig and Frost, Robert and Melkko, Samu and Feldman, David and Hoffmann, Peter and Khder, Yasser (2019) MAA868, a novel Factor XI antibody with a unique binding mode, shows long-lasting anticoagulation effects in humans. Blood. ISSN 1528-0020

Abstract

A large unmet medical need exists for safer anti-thrombotic drugs since all currently approved anticoagulants interfere with hemostasis leading to an increased risk of bleeding. Genetic and pharmacological evidence in humans and animals suggest that reducing Factor XI (FXI) levels has the potential to effectively prevent and treat thrombosis with minimal risk of bleeding. We generated a fully human antibody—MAA868—that binds the catalytic domain of both FXI (zymogen) and the activated FXI (FXIa). Our structural studies show that MAA868 traps FXI and FXIa in an inactive, zymogen-like conformation, explaining its equally high binding affinity for both forms of the enzyme. This binding mode allows the enzyme to be neutralized before entering the coagulation process revealing a particularly attractive anticoagulant profile of the antibody. MAA868 showed favorable anticoagulant activity in mice with a dose dependent protection from carotid occlusion in a FeCl3 induced thrombosis model. MAA868 also caused robust and sustained anticoagulant activity in cynomolgus monkeys without any evidence of bleeding. Based on these preclinical findings, we conducted a first in human study in healthy subjects demonstrating that single subcutaneous doses of MAA868 were safe and well tolerated. MAA868 resulted in dose and time-dependent robust and sustained aPTT prolongation and FXI suppression for up to 4 weeks or longer, supporting further clinical development as once monthly subcutaneous anticoagulant therapy.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/37794

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