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TRIAMF: A New Method for Delivery of Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein Complex to Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells

Yen, Jonathan and Fiorino, Michael and Liu, Yi and Paula, Steve and Clarkson, Scott and Quinn, Lisa and Tschantz, Bill and Klock, Heath and Guo, Ning and Russ, Carsten and Yu, Vionnie and Mickanin, Craig and Stevenson, Susan and Lee, Cameron and Yang, Yi (2018) TRIAMF: A New Method for Delivery of Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein Complex to Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells. Scientific reports, 8 (16304 ). pp. 1-12. ISSN PMID: 30389991

Abstract

CRISPR/Cas9 mediated gene editing of patient-derived hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) ex vivo followed by autologous transplantation of the edited HSPCs back to the patient can provide a potential curative treatment for monogenic genetic blood disorders such as beta-hemoglobinopathies. One challenge for this strategy is efficient delivery of the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex, consisting of purified Cas9 protein and guide RNA, into HSPCs. Because beta-hemoglobinopathies are most prevalent in developing countries, it is desirable to have a reliable, efficient, easy-to-use and cost effective delivery method. With this goal in mind, we developed TRansmembrane Internalization Assisted by Membrane Filtration (TRIAMF), a new method to quickly and effectively deliver RNPs into HSPCs by passing a RNP and cell mixture through a filter membrane. We achieved robust gene editing in HSPCs using TRIAMF and demonstrated that the multilineage colony forming capacities and the competence for engraftment in immunocompromised mice of HSPCs were preserved post TRIAMF treatment. TRIAMF is a custom designed system using inexpensive components and has the capacity to process HSPCs at clinical scale.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/37589

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