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A Decade in the MIST: Learnings from Investigations of Drug Metabolites in Drug Development Under the “Metabolites in Safety Testing” Regulatory Guidances

Schadt, Simone and Bister, Bojan and Chowdhury, Swapan K. and Funk, Christoph and Hop, Cornelis E.C.A and Humphreys, W. Griffith and Igarashi, Fumihiko and James, Alexander David and Kagan, Mark and Khojasteh, S. Cyrus and Nedderman, Angus N.R. and Prakash, Chandra and Runge, Frank and Scheible, Holger and Spracklin, Douglas K. and Swart, Piet and Tse, Susanna and Yuan, Josh and Obach, R. Scott (2018) A Decade in the MIST: Learnings from Investigations of Drug Metabolites in Drug Development Under the “Metabolites in Safety Testing” Regulatory Guidances. Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 46 (6). pp. 865-878. ISSN 0090-95561521-009X

Abstract

Since the introduction of MIST guidance by FDA in 2008 there have been major changes in the experimental methods for the identification and quantification of metabolites, ways to evaluate coverage of metabolites, and the timing of critical clinical and non-clinical studies to generate these information. In this cross-industry article we discuss how the increased focus on human drug metabolites and their potential contribution to safety and drug-drug interactions has influenced the approaches taken by industry for the identification and quantitation of human drug metabolites. Before the MIST guidance was issued, the method of choice for generating comprehensive metabolite profile was radiochromatography. The MIST guidance increased the focus on human drug metabolites and their potential contribution to safety and drug-drug interactions and led to changes in the practices of drug metabolism scientists. In addition, the guidance suggested that human metabolism studies should also be accelerated which has led to more frequent determination of human metabolite profiles from multiple ascending dose clinical studies. Generating a comprehensive and quantitative profile of human metabolites has become a more urgent task. This, together with technological advances, led to a general shift of the focus towards earlier human metabolism studies, using high resolution mass spectrometry, and to a reduction in animal radiolabel ADME studies. The changes induced by the MIST guidance are highlighted by six case studies included herein, reflecting different stages of implementation of the MIST guidance within the pharmaceutical industry

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/35284

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