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Antibody-based in vivo PET imaging detects amyloid-ß reduction in Alzheimer transgenic mice after BACE-1 inhibition

Meier, Silvio R, Syveanen, Stina, Hultquist, Greta, Fang, Xiaotiasn T, Roshanbin, Sahar, Lannfelt, Lars, Neumann, Ulf and Sehlin, Dag (2018) Antibody-based in vivo PET imaging detects amyloid-ß reduction in Alzheimer transgenic mice after BACE-1 inhibition. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 59 (12). pp. 1901-1906. ISSN 2159662X


Visualization of amyloid-ß (Aß) pathology with PET has become an important tool for making a specific clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the available amyloid PET radioligands, such as11C-Pittsburgh compound B, reflect levels of insoluble Aß plaques but do not capture soluble and protofibrillar Aß forms. Furthermore, the plaque load appears to be fairly static during clinical stages of AD and may not be affected by Aß-reducing treatments. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a novel PET radioligand based on an antibody directed toward soluble aggregates of Aß can be used to detect changes in Aß levels during disease progression and after treatment with a ß-secretase (BACE-1) inhibitor. Methods: One set of transgenic mice (tg-ArcSwe, a model of Aß pathology) aged between 7 and 16 mo underwent PET with the Aß protofibril–selective radioligand124I-RmAb158-scFv8D3 (where RmAb is recombinant mouse monoclonal antibody and scFv is single-chain variable fragment) to follow progression of Aß pathology in the brain. A second set of tg-ArcSwe mice, aged 10 mo, were treated with the BACE-1 inhibitor NB-360 for 3 mo and compared with an untreated control group. A third set of tg-ArcSwe mice, also aged 10 mo, underwent PET as a baseline group. Brain tissue was isolated after PET to determine levels of Aß by ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Results: The concentration of124I-RmAb158-scFv8D3, as measured in vivo with PET, increased with age and corresponded well with the ex vivo autoradiography and Aß immunohistochemistry results. Mice treated with NB-360 showed significantly lower in vivo PET signals than untreated animals and were similar to the baseline animals. The decreased124I-RmAb158-scFv8D3 concentrations in NB-360–treated mice, as quantified with PET, corresponded well with the decreased Aß levels measured in postmortem brain. Conclusion: Several treatments for AD are in phase 2 and 3 clinical trials, but the possibility of studying treatment effects in vivo on the important, nonfibrillar, forms of Aß is limited. This study demonstrated the ability of the Aß protofibril–selective radioligand124I-RmAb158-scFv8D3 to follow disease progression and detect treatment effects with PET imaging in tg-ArcSwe mice.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease Amyloid-ß Antibody-based radioligand BACE-1 inhibitor NB-360 Positron emission tomography (PET)
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 00:45


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