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Potent and Selective Inhibitors of 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase

King, Daniel and Nguyen, Zachary and Jimenez, Marta and Auld, Douglas and Kool, Eric and Tahara, Yu-ki and Ji, Debin and Beharry, Andrew and Kietrys, Anna M. and Wilson, David M. (2018) Potent and Selective Inhibitors of 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140 (6). pp. 2105-2114. ISSN 15205126

Abstract

The activity of DNA repair enzyme 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1), which excises oxidized base 8-oxoguanine (8-OG) from DNA, is closely linked to mutagenesis, genotoxicity, cancer, and inflammation. To test the roles of OGG1-mediated repair in these pathways, we have undertaken the development of noncovalent small-molecule inhibitors of the enzyme. Screening of a PubChem-annotated library using a recently developed fluorogenic 8-OG excision assay resulted in multiple validated hit structures, including selected lead hit tetrahydroquinoline 1 (IC50 = 1.7 μM). Optimization of the tetrahydroquinoline scaffold over five regions of the structure ultimately yielded amidobiphenyl compound 41 (SU0268; IC50 = 0.059 μM). SU0268 was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance studies to bind the enzyme both in the absence and in the presence of DNA. The compound SU0268 was shown to be selective for inhibiting OGG1 over multiple repair enzymes, including other base excision repair enzymes, and displayed no toxicity in two human cell lines at 10 μM. Finally, experiments confirm the ability of SU0268 to inhibit OGG1 in HeLa cells, resulting in an increase in accumulation of 8-OG in DNA. The results suggest the compound SU0268 as a potentially useful tool in studies of the role of OGG1 in multiple disease-related pathways.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/33987

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