Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Molecular characterization and verification of azido-3,8dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid incorporation into bacterial lipopolysaccharide

Nilsson, Inga and Grove, Kerri and Dovala, Dustin and Uehara, Tsuyoshi and Lapointe, Guillaume and Six, David (2017) Molecular characterization and verification of azido-3,8dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid incorporation into bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292 (48). pp. 19840-19848. ISSN 1083351X

Abstract

3-Deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) is an essential component of LPS in the outer leaflet of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane. Although labeling of Escherichia coli with the chemical reporter 8-azido-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo-N3) has been reported, its incorporation into LPS has not been directly shown. We have now verified Kdo-N3 incorporation into E. coli LPS at the molecular level. Using microscopy and PAGE analysis, we show that Kdo-N3 is localized to the outer membrane and specifically incorporates into rough and deep-rough LPS. In an E. coli strain lacking endogenous Kdo biosynthesis, supplementation with exogenous Kdo restored full-length core-LPS, which suggests that the Kdo biosynthetic pathways might not be essential in vivo in the presence of sufficient exogenous Kdo. In contrast, exogenous Kdo-N3 only restored a small fraction of core LPS with the majority incorporated into truncated LPS. The truncated LPS were identified as Kdo-N3–lipid IVA and (Kdo-N3)2–lipid IVA by MS analysis. The low level of Kdo-N3 incorporation could be partly explained by a 6-fold reduction in the specificity constant of the CMP-Kdo synthetase KdsB with Kdo-N3 compared with Kdo. These results indicate that the azido moiety in Kdo-N3 interferes with its utilization and may limit its utility as a tracer of LPS biosynthesis and transport in E. coli. We propose that our findings will be helpful for researchers using Kdo and its chemical derivatives for investigating LPS biosynthesis, transport, and assembly in Gram-negative bacteria.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/33821

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.