Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Inflammation and immunogenicity limit the utility of the rabbit as a nonclinical species for ocular biologic therapeutics

Sasseville, Vito and Milton, Mark and Maclachlan, Timothy and Newton, Ronald (2017) Inflammation and immunogenicity limit the utility of the rabbit as a nonclinical species for ocular biologic therapeutics. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 86. pp. 221-230. ISSN 1096-0295

Abstract

The nonclinical safety evaluation of therapeutic drug candidates is commonly conducted in two species (rodent and non-rodent) in keeping with international health authority guidance. Biologic drugs typically have restricted species cross-reactivity, necessitating the evaluation of safety in non-human primates and thus limiting the utility of lower order species. Safety studies of cross-reactive ocular biologic drug candidates have been conducted in rabbits as a second toxicology species, despite the fact that rabbits are not a rodent species. Such studies are often confounded by the development of anti-drug antibodies and severe ocular inflammation, the latter requiring studies to be terminated prematurely for animal welfare reasons. Notably, these confounding factors preclude the interpretation of safety. Nonclinical toxicology programs should be designed with consideration of ethical animal use and 3Rs principles (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement). The experience of several pharmaceutical sponsors, demonstrating that toxicology studies of ocular (intravitreal and topical ocular) biologic drug candidates in the rabbit are of limited interpretive value, calls into question the utility of such studies in this species and indicates that such studies should not be conducted.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: 3Rs Anti-drug antibody Biologic Inflammation Ocular Ophthalmic Rabbit
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/31567

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.