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Generic Hybrid Ligand Binding Assay Liquid Chromatography High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry-Based Workflow for Multiplexed Human Immunoglobulin G1 Quantification at the Intact Protein Level: Application to Preclinical Pharmacokinetic Studies

Lanshoeft, Christian and Cianférani, Sarah and Heudi, Olivier (2017) Generic Hybrid Ligand Binding Assay Liquid Chromatography High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry-Based Workflow for Multiplexed Human Immunoglobulin G1 Quantification at the Intact Protein Level: Application to Preclinical Pharmacokinetic Studies. Analytical Chemistry.

Abstract

The quantitative analysis of human immunoglobulin G1 (hIgG1) by mass spectrometry is commonly performed using surrogate peptides after enzymatic digestion. Since some limitations are associated with this approach, a novel workflow is presented by hybridizing ligand binding assay (LBA) with liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) for hIgG1 quantification directly at the intact protein level. Different hIgG1s, including a [13C]-labeled version used as internal standard, were immuno-enriched from rat serum with a fully automated platform based on streptavidin coated tips and a biotinylated mouse anti-hIgG capture antibody targeting the fragment crystallizable region followed by overnight deglycosylation prior to LC-HRMS analysis. The proposed quantitative workflow utilized extracted ion chromatograms (XICs) from the non-deconvoluted full-scan MS spectrum. The assay was validated in terms of selectivity, sensitivity, accuracy/precision, carry-over, dilution linearity and reproducibility. Consistent data between the conventional approach based on surrogate peptide analysis and our proposed workflow were obtained in vitro and in vivo with the advantage of a less extensive sample pre-treatment. Multiplexing capabilities for simultaneous quantification of different hIgG1s within the same spiked sample were also exemplified. Altogether our results pave the way not only for the thorough application of intact hIgG1 quantification by LBA-LC-HRMS but also as a generic quantitative analytical method for other hIgG isotypes or next generation biotherapeutics.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: intact protein quantification; mass spectrometric immunoassay; liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry; therapeutic proteins; pre-clinical studies
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2017 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/30908

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