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Recovering motifs from biased genomes: application of signal correction.

Hasan, Samiul and Schreiber, Mark (2006) Recovering motifs from biased genomes: application of signal correction. Nucleic Acids Research, 34 (18). pp. 5124-5132. ISSN 1362-4962


A significant problem in biological motif analysis arises when the background symbol distribution is biased (e.g. high/low GC content in the case of DNA sequences). This can lead to overestimation of the amount of information encoded in a motif. A motif can be depicted as a signal using information theory (IT). We apply two concepts from IT, distortion and patterned interference (a type of noise), to model genomic and codon bias respectively. This modeling approach allows us to correct a raw signal to recover signals that are weakened by compositional bias. The corrected signal is more likely to be discriminated from a biased background by a macromolecule. We apply this correction technique to recover ribosome-binding site (RBS) signals from available sequenced and annotated prokaryotic genomes having diverse compositional biases. We observed that linear correction was sufficient for recovering signals even at the extremes of these biases. Further comparative genomics studies were made possible upon correction of these signals. We find that the average Euclidian distance between RBS signal frequency matrices of different genomes can be significantly reduced by using the correction technique. Within this reduced average distance, we can find examples of class-specific RBS signals. Our results have implications for motif-based prediction, particularly with regards to the estimation of reliable inter-genomic model parameters.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: free final full text version available at publisher's official URL and at PubMedCentral; author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher version can be used for Nucleic Acids Research articles
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:17
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:17


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