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A combined approach to early detect in vitro drug-induced hemostatic changes in preclinical safety

Defontis, Myriam / MD and Cote, Serge and Ledieu, David (2016) A combined approach to early detect in vitro drug-induced hemostatic changes in preclinical safety. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology. ISSN 16181433

Abstract

Early detection of drug-induced alterations of hemostasis is challenging. Drugs can affect different components of the Virchow's triad and measurement of plasmatic coagulation times lacks sensitivity. New techniques for a more global assessment of the hemostasis are now available: the impedance platelet aggregometry, the thromboelastography and the thrombin generation measurement. The aim of this study was to evaluate three techniques (i.e.: Multiplate®, TEG® and CAT) for the in vitro detection of the effect of a drug known to induce hemostatic alterations in a preclinical safety environment. Cyclosporine A was chosen and tested at 4 concentrations after solubilization in DMSO in Wistar rats and Beagle dogs. The results obtained were comparable between both species except for the thrombin generation in platelet rich plasma. Enhanced platelet aggregability was observed after ADP stimulation and alterations of the thromboelastograms consisted in decreased maximum amplitude and increased LY30. A dual effect on thrombin generation was observed and suggested that CsA may interact with platelets in rat platelet rich plasma and speed up thrombin generation. The results of this study indicate that using a combined approach on hemostasis testing in preclinical safety it is possible to detect in vitro drug-induced alterations of hemostasis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cyclosporin A Hemostasis Multiplate® Preclinical safety TEG® Thrombin generation
Date Deposited: 23 May 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/30088

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