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β-Defensin 2 is a responsive biomarker of IL-17A–driven skin pathology in patients with psoriasis

Kolbinger, Frank and Loesche, Christian and Valentin, Marie-Anne and Jiang, Xiaoyu and Cheng, Yi and Jarvis, Philip and Peters, Thomas and Calonder, Claudio and Bruin, Gerardus and Polus, Florine and Patel, Dhavalkumar (2017) β-Defensin 2 is a responsive biomarker of IL-17A–driven skin pathology in patients with psoriasis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 139 (3). 923-932.e8. ISSN 1097-6825

Abstract

Background IL-17A is a key driver of human autoimmune diseases, particularly psoriasis. Objective We sought to determine the role of IL-17A in psoriasis pathogenesis and to identify a robust and measurable biomarker of IL-17A–driven pathology. Methods We studied 8 healthy subjects and 8 patients with psoriasis before and after administration of secukinumab, a fully human anti–IL-17A mAb, and used a combination of classical techniques and a novel skin microperfusion assay to evaluate the expression of 170 proteins in blood, nonlesional skin, and lesional skin. For validation, we also tested stored sera from 601 patients with a variety of autoimmune diseases. Results IL-17A was specifically expressed in lesional compared with nonlesional psoriatic skin (9.8 vs 0.8 pg/mL, P <.001). Proteomic and gene transcription analyses revealed dysregulated antimicrobial peptides, proinflammatory cytokines, and neutrophil chemoattractants, levels of which returned to normal after treatment with secukinumab. β-Defensin 2 (BD-2) was identified as a biomarker of IL-17A–driven pathology by comparing protein expression in patients with psoriasis versus that in healthy subjects (5746 vs 82 pg/mL in serum, P <.0001; 2747 vs <218 pg/mL in dermis, P <.001), responsiveness to secukinumab therapy, and synergistic induction by IL-17A and TNF-α in epidermal keratinocytes. In a validation set of sera from 601 patients with autoimmune diseases thought to be IL-17A driven, we found that BD-2 levels are most highly increased in patients with psoriatic skin lesions, and in patients with psoriasis, BD-2 levels correlated well with IL-17A levels (r = 0.70, n = 199, P <.001) and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index scores (r = 0.53, n = 281, P <.001). Conclusion IL-17A is a primary driver of skin pathology in patients with psoriasis, and serum BD-2 is an easily measurable biomarker of IL-17A–driven skin pathology.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/28136

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