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Caspase-2 can function upstream of bid cleavage in the TRAIL apoptosis pathway.

Wagner, Klaus, Engels, Ingo and Deveraux, Quinn (2004) Caspase-2 can function upstream of bid cleavage in the TRAIL apoptosis pathway. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279 (33). pp. 35047-35052. ISSN 0021-9258


In many mammalian cell types, engagement of the TRAIL/Apo2L death receptors DR4 and DR5 alters mitochondrial physiology, thereby promoting the release of pro-apoptotic proteins normally contained within this organelle. A contemporary view of this process is that in so-called type II cells death receptor-activated caspase-8 cleaves the Bcl-2 family member Bid, which generates a truncated Bid fragment that collaborates with Bax, another Bcl-2 relative, to promote the release of mitochondrial factors necessary for activation of executioner caspases and apoptosis. Here we show that in some type II cells caspase-2 is necessary for optimal TRAIL-mediated cleavage of Bid. Down-regulation of caspase-2 using RNA interference significantly inhibited TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Analysis of the TRAIL proteolytic cascade following gene silencing of specific pathway components revealed that caspase-2 is necessary for efficient cleavage of Bid; however, caspase-2 proteolytic processing, which occurs downstream of Bax, is not necessary for its role in Bid cleavage.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: free final full text version available at publisher's official URL; author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 14:02
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:21


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