Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Effects of rho kinase inhibitors on intraocular pressure and aqueous humor dynamics in nonhuman primates and rabbits

Toris, Carol and McLaughlin, Marsha and Dworak, Douglas and Fan, Shan and Havens, Shane and Zhan, Guilin and Horan, Nicholas and Prasanna, Ganesh (2016) Effects of rho kinase inhibitors on intraocular pressure and aqueous humor dynamics in nonhuman primates and rabbits. Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 32 (6). pp. 355-364. ISSN 1557-7732

Abstract

Purpose: This study examines the effects of 2 Rho kinase inhibitors on intraocular pressure (IOP) and aqueous humor dynamics. Methods: IOPs of New Zealand albino rabbits with ocular normotension and cynomolgus macaques (nonhuman primate, NHP) with chronic unilateral laser-induced glaucoma were measured at baseline and periodically after a 9 a.m. dose of H-1152, Y-27632, or vehicle. In a separate group of NHPs, aqueous flow, outflow facility, uveoscleral outflow, and IOP were determined after treatment with Y-27632 or vehicle control. Results: Decreases in IOP were found in rabbits (n = 5) at 6 h after one dose of 2% Y-27632 (29%, P = 0.0002) or 1% H-1152 (35%, P = 0.0001), and in hypertensive eyes of NHPs (n = 7-9) at 3 h after one dose of 2% Y-27632 (35%, P = 0.005) or 1% H-1152 (51%, P = 0.0003). With 2 doses of 1% Y-27632 or vehicle in NHP hypertensive eyes (n = 12), significant drug effects were IOP reduction of 28% (P = 0.05) at 2.5 h after the second dose and increases in aqueous flow (36%; P = 0.013), uveoscleral outflow (59%, P = 0.008), and outflow facility (40%; P = 0.01). In normotensive eyes of the same animals, aqueous flow increased by 21% (P = 0.03). No significant change was found in any of the other parameters. Conclusions: Y-27632 and H-1152 lower IOP in rabbits and hypertensive eyes of NHPs for at least 6 h after single doses. The Y-27632 effect on IOP in hypertensive NHP eyes is caused by increases in outflow facility and uveoscleral outflow. An increase in aqueous humor formation attenuates but does not prevent an IOP decrease.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/26825

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.