Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Use of Solubilizers in Preclinical Formulations: Effect of Cremophor EL on the Pharmacokinetic Properties on Early Discovery Compounds

Liu, Bo and Gordon, William and Richmond, Wendy (2016) Use of Solubilizers in Preclinical Formulations: Effect of Cremophor EL on the Pharmacokinetic Properties on Early Discovery Compounds. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 87 (87). pp. 52-57. ISSN 0928-0987

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine whether Cremophor EL is a suitable surfactant that can be routinely applied to pharmacokinetic (PK) studies in early drug discovery without influencing the intrinsic PK characteristics of the new chemical entities (NCEs). Cremophor EL, a polyoxyl 35 castor oil, has been used as a solubilization aid for water-insoluble compounds in pre-clinical drug discovery. The effect of Cremophor EL on the PK properties of NCEs was examined in 7 structurally diverse discovery compounds. Significant effects of Cremophor EL on plasma volume of distribution (Vss) and plasma clearance (CL) were observed in compounds with moderate to high Vss or CL. The plasma Vss decreased more than 2-fold and the Vss binning category decreased by one unit (e.g. from moderate to low Vss) in 6 of 7 test compounds. Two to five-fold reduction of CL was also observed with these 6 compounds. Effect on the terminal half-life (T1/2) was minimal. Using one of these 7 NCEs, concentration dependent effect of Cremophor EL in the vehicle was also determined. Higher percentage of Cremophor EL in vehicle resulted in progressively increased alterations on the plasma CL and Vss. Taken together, these findings indicated that Cremophor EL altered the intrinsic PK properties of NCES in a concentration dependent manner.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cremophor EL, surfactant, formulation, pharmacokinetics
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2016 00:45
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/26381

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.