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Activation of Yap Directed Transcription by Knock-down of Conserved Cellular Functions

Agarinis, Claudia and Orsini, Vanessa and Megel, Philippe and Abraham, Yann and Yang, Haidi and Mickanin, Craig and Myer, Vic and Bouwmeester, Antonius and Tchorz, Jan and Parker, Christian (2016) Activation of Yap Directed Transcription by Knock-down of Conserved Cellular Functions. Journal of Biomolecular Screening.

Abstract

The Yap-Hippo pathway has been shown to have a significant role in regulating cell proliferation and growth and hence controlling organ size and regeneration, as well as the differentiation of stem cells. These cell fate decisions are regulated by the Hippo pathway through the action of two, highly conserved, transcription co-activators YAP and TAZ. However, the upstream regulators of the Yap-Hippo pathway have not been fully characterized and may vary in different cell types and organs. The aim of this study was to use a siRNA screen, in a liver biliary cell line, to identify regulators of the Yap-Hippo pathway that when knocked-down allow activation of the YAP transcription co-activator at high cell density.
This project used a commercially available library of siRNAs purchased from Qiagen that consisted of four siRNAs targeting seven thousand genes of the “druggable” genome. The library was screened using a reverse transfection protocol with a biliary derived cell line which was grown to high cell density. Activation of the Yap transcription co-activator was monitored using a high content, image based assay that measured the intracellular localization of native YAP protein. Active siRNAs were identified and further validated by quantification of CYR61 mRNA levels (a known Yap target gene) following knock-down and the effect of compounds targeting the putative gene targets identified as hits was also used for further validation.
A number of validated hits reveal basic aspects of Yap-Hippo biology; such as components of the nuclear pore, by which YAP cytoplasmic/nuclear shuttling occurs, or how proteasomal degradation regulates intracellular YAP concentrations, which then alter YAP localization and transcription. Such results highlight how targeting conserved cellular functions can lead to validated activity in phenotypic assays.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: siRNA screening, frequent hitters, YAP Hippo
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 23:45
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 23:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/25996

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