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Expression of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-II and Its Receptor in Pediatric and Adult Adrenocortical Tumors

Almeida, M. Q. and Fragoso, M. C. B. V. and Lotfi, C. F. P. and Santos, M. G. and Nishi, M. Y. and Costa, M. H. S. and Lerario, A. M. and Maciel, C. C. and Mattos, G. E. and Jorge, A. A. L. and Mendonca, B. B. and Latronico, A. C. (2008) Expression of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-II and Its Receptor in Pediatric and Adult Adrenocortical Tumors. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 93 (9). pp. 3524-3531. ISSN 0021-972X

Abstract

Background: Adrenocortical tumors are heterogeneous neoplasms with incompletely understood pathogenesis. IGF-II overexpression has been consistently demonstrated in adult adrenocortical carcinomas.
Objectives: The objective of the study was to analyze expression of IGF-II and its receptor (IGF-IR) in pediatric and adult adrenocortical tumors and the effects of a selective IGF-IR kinase inhibitor (NVP-AEW541) on adrenocortical tumor cells.
Patients: Fifty-seven adrenocortical tumors (37 adenomas and 20 carcinomas) from 23 children and 34 adults were studied.
Methods: Gene expression was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed in NCI H295 cells and a new cell line established from a pediatric adrenocortical adenoma.
Results: IGF-II transcripts were overexpressed in both pediatric adrenocortical carcinomas and adenomas. Otherwise, IGF-II was mainly overexpressed in adult adrenocortical carcinomas (270.5 +/- 130.2 vs. 16.1 +/- 13.3; P = 0.0001). IGF-IR expression was significantly higher in pediatric adrenocortical carcinomas than adenomas (9.1 +/- 3.1 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.2; P = 0.0001), whereas its expression was similar in adult adrenocortical carcinomas and adenomas. IGF-IR expression was a predictor of metastases in pediatric adrenocortical tumors in univariate analysis (hazard ratio 1.84; 95% confidence interval 1.28–2.66; P = 0.01). Furthermore, NVP-AEW541 blocked cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in both cell lines through a significant increase of apoptosis.
Conclusion: IGF-IR overexpression was a biomarker of pediatric adrenocortical carcinomas. Additionally, a selective IGF-IR kinase inhibitor had antitumor effects in adult and pediatric adrenocortical tumor cell lines, suggesting that IGF-IR inhibitors represent a promising therapy for human adrenocortical carcinoma.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); On institutional repository, PubMed Central, UK PubMed Central and PubMed Central International; Publisher's version/PDF can be used
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:16
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:16
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/2543

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