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An in vitro approach to investigate ocular metabolism of a topical, selective beta1-adrenergic blocking agent, betaxolol

Bushee, JL and Dunne, CE and Argikar, UA (2014) An in vitro approach to investigate ocular metabolism of a topical, selective beta1-adrenergic blocking agent, betaxolol. Xenobiotica. pp. 1-10.

Abstract

Abstract 1. Topical glaucoma treatments have often been limited by poor absorption and bioavailability. Betaxolol, a selective beta1-blocker, has been well studied for its pharmacokinetics and disposition. Limited ocular, betaxolol metabolism data is available despite a growing number of novel ocular treatments. 2. In vitro ocular fractions indicated the formation of an active metabolite, across rat, rabbit and human, which was only observed historically in the liver. 3. Ocular metabolic profiles of preclinical toxicology species, rat and rabbit, were not predictive of human in vitro ocular data. M1 was specific to human and only captured by the liver data. 4. Liver S9 over predicted the extent of ocular metabolism compared to ocular fractions. Rabbit liver S9 fractions demonstrated extensive glucuronidation and higher parent turn-over in 1 h as compared to other matrices. 5. This research assesses in vitro species and organ differences across preclinical species and human. The complex data set highlights the need for an in vitro ocular system to explore poorly documented ocular metabolism

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NIBR author: Bushee, JL institute: NIBR contributor address: Analytical Sciences and Imaging, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc , Cambridge, MA , USA and
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:11
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:11
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/24919

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