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Ethnic sensitivity assessment - Pharmacokinetic comparability between Japanese and non-Japanese healthy subjects on selected mAbs

Matsushima, Soichiro and Huang, Yue and Suzuki, Hikoe and Nishino, Junichi and Lloyd, Peter (2015) Ethnic sensitivity assessment - Pharmacokinetic comparability between Japanese and non-Japanese healthy subjects on selected mAbs. Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism and Toxicology, 11 (2). pp. 179-191. ISSN 1744-7607

Abstract

Objective: Ethnic sensitivity studies (ESSs), where safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) are assessed in Japanese subjects, are routinely conducted according to Japanese regulatory requirement before the subsequent clinical studies. The necessity of ESSs is questionable in case of mAbs, where inherent IgG characteristics are considered ethnically insensitive. This report investigated PK profiles and immunogenicity (IG) following a single administration of mAbs in Japanese and non-Japanese healthy subjects. Research design and methods: PK and IG comparison between Japanese and non-Japanese healthy subjects was made on mAbs data available from public domain and unpublished internal reports. PK comparison was made based on statistical approach as well as assumed typical IgG profile using modeling and simulation. Results: When compared directly, most mAbs showed no difference between ethnic groups. When profiles of various mAbs were fit to an assumed typical IgG PK model, the majority of mAbs follow the expected behavior regardless of ethnicities. Deviations from this behavior did not appear to be due to inherent ethnic differences. When the incidence of IG was assessed, only Adalimumab showed apparent ethnic difference. Conclusions: The overall lack of observational difference may facilitate discussion of mAbs' early clinical development in Japan, including the utility of dedicated ESSs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Ethnic sensitivity Immunogenicity Japan mAb Pharmacokinetics
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/23458

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