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Influence of RNA extraction methods and library selection schemes on RNA-seq data.

Sultan, Marc and Amstislavskiy, Vyacheslav and Risch, Thomas and Schuette, Moritz and Dökel, Simon and Ralser, Meyriem and Balzereit, Daniela and Lehrach, Hans and Yaspo, Marie-Laure (2014) Influence of RNA extraction methods and library selection schemes on RNA-seq data. BMC Genomics.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:Gene expression analysis by RNA sequencing is now widely used in a number of applications surveying the whole transcriptomes of cells and tissues. The recent introduction of ribosomal RNA depletion protocols, such as RiboZero, has extended the view of the polyadenylated transcriptome to the poly(A)- fraction of the RNA. However, substantial amounts of intronic transcriptional activity has been reported in RiboZero protocols, raising issues regarding their potential nuclear origin and the impact on the actual sequence depth in exonic regions.
RESULTS:Using HEK293 human cells as source material, we assessed here the impact of the two commonly used RNA extraction methods and of the library construction protocols (rRNA depletion versus mRNA) on 1) the relative abundance of intronic reads and 2) on the estimation of gene expression values. We benchmarked the rRNA depletion-based sequencing with a specific analysis of the cytoplasmic and nuclear transcriptome fractions, suggesting that the large majority of the intronic reads correspond to unprocessed nuclear transcripts rather than to independent transcriptional units. We show that Qiagen or TRIzol extraction methods retain differentially nuclear RNA species, and that consequently, rRNA depletion-based RNA sequencing protocols are particularly sensitive to the extraction methods.
CONCLUSIONS:We could show that the combination of Trizol-based RNA extraction with rRNA depletion sequencing protocols led to the largest fraction of intronic reads, after the sequencing of the nuclear transcriptome. We discuss here the impact of the various strategies on gene expression and alternative splicing estimation measures. Further, we propose guidelines and a double selection strategy for minimizing the expression biases, without loss of information.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2016 23:45
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2016 23:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/23332

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