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Potent and efficacious inhibition of CXCR2 signaling by biparatopic nanobodies combining two distinct modes of action

Bradley, Michelle and Brown, Zarin and Charlton, Steven and Cromie, Karen and Dombrecht, Bruno and De Taeye, Severine and Van den Heede, Kim and Van Heeke, Gino and Kent, Toby and Laeremans, Toon and Manini, Jodie and Roobrouck, Annelies and Steffensen, Soren and Vlerick, David and Willis, Jennifer (2015) Potent and efficacious inhibition of CXCR2 signaling by biparatopic nanobodies combining two distinct modes of action. Molecular Pharmacology, 87 (2). pp. 251-262. ISSN 1521-0111

Abstract

Chemokines and chemokine receptors are key modulators in inflammatory diseases and malignancies. Here, we describe the identification and pharmacologic characterization of nanobodies selectively blocking CXCR2, the most promiscuous of all chemo-kine receptors. Two classes of selective monovalent nanobodies were identified, and detailed epitope mapping showed that these bind to distinct, nonoverlapping epitopes on the CXCR2 receptor. The N-terminal-binding or class 1 monovalent nanobodies possessed potencies in the single-digit nanomolar range but lacked complete efficacy at high agonist concentrations. In contrast, the extracellular loop-binding or class 2 monovalent nanobodies were of lower potency but were more efficacious and competitively inhibited the CXCR2-mediated functional response in both recombinant and neutrophil in vitro assays. In addition to blocking CXCR2 signaling mediated by CXCL1 (growth-related oncogene α) and CXCL8 (interleukin-8), both classes of nanobodies displayed inverse agonist behavior. Bivalent and biparatopic nanobodies were generated, respectively combining nanobodies from the same or different classes via glycine/serine linkers. Interestingly, receptor mutation and competition studies demonstrated that the biparatopic nano-bodies were able to avidly bind epitopes within one or across two CXCR2 receptor molecules. Most importantly, the biparatopic nanobodies were superior over their monovalent and bivalent counterparts in terms of potency and efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:46
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/21290

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