Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Absence of permanent effects of aliskiren in juvenile rats

Hoffmann, Peter and Mc Lean, Leeanne and Yan, Jing-He and Beckman , David and Barbeau, Stephanie (2014) Absence of permanent effects of aliskiren in juvenile rats. Birth Defects Research (Part B) 101:144–151 (2014).

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aliskiren is the first orally bioavailable direct renin inhibitor approved for the treatment of hypertension in adults. Juvenile toxicity studies in rats were initiated to support treatment in the pediatric population. METHODS: In Study 1, aliskiren oral administration was initiated on post partum day (PPD) 14, after nephrogenesis was completed, and continued through PPD 70 at doses of 0, 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg/day. In-life, clinical pathology, anatomic pathology, developmental, behavioral, reproductive, and toxicokinetics evaluations were performed. In Study 2, oral administration was initiated on PPD 8, prior to completion of nephrogenesis, and continued through PPD 35/36. In-life, clinical pathology, anatomic pathology, developmental, and toxicokinetics evaluations were performed. RESULTS: With dosing initiated on PPD 8, mortality at 100 and 300 mg/kg/day and slightly increased kidney weight at 100 mg/kg/day occurred. Decreased absolute lymphocyte count at 300 mg/kg/day at the end of dosing occurred with dosing initiated on PPD 14. There were clinical signs and transient effects on body weight gains in both studies. There were no changes in other parameters. Systemic exposure was much higher on PPD 8 and 14 compared to adult rats on PPD 64. CONCLUSIONS: Aliskiren did not produce irreversible effects, including with regard to the kidneys. Increased exposure in very young animals is considered to be the result of immature drug transporter systems.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aliskiren, direct renin inhibitor, juvenile toxicity, rat
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 23:45
Last Modified: 03 May 2016 23:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/20116

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.