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The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines transports chemokines and supports their promigratory activity.

Pruenster, Monika and Mudde-Boer, Lisbeth and Bombosi, Paula and Dimitrova, Svetla and Zsak, Marion and Middleton, Jim and Richmond, Ann and Graham, Gerard J and Segerer, Stephan and Nibbs, Robert J B and Rot, Antal (2009) The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines transports chemokines and supports their promigratory activity. Nature Immunology, 10 (1). pp. 101-108. ISSN 1529-2916

Abstract

The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) belongs to a family of 'silent' heptahelical chemokine receptors that do not couple to G proteins and fail to transmit measurable intracellular signals. DARC binds most inflammatory chemokines and is prominently expressed on venular endothelial cells, where its function has remained contentious. Here we show that DARC, like other silent receptors, internalized chemokines but did not effectively scavenge them. Instead, DARC mediated chemokine transcytosis, which led to apical retention of intact chemokines and more leukocyte migration across monolayers expressing DARC. Mice overexpressing DARC on blood vessel endothelium had enhanced chemokine-induced leukocyte extravasation and contact-hypersensitivity reactions. Thus, interactions of chemokines with DARC support their activity on apposing leukocytes in vitro and in vivo.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 00:53
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/1496

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