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Affinity classification of kinase inhibitors by mass spectrometric methods and validation using standard IC(50) measurements.

Jecklin, Matthias Conradin and Touboul, David and Jain, Rishi and Toole, Estee and Tallarico, John and Drueckes, Peter and Ramage, Paul and Zenobi, Renato (2009) Affinity classification of kinase inhibitors by mass spectrometric methods and validation using standard IC(50) measurements. Analytical Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 408-419. ISSN 1520-6882

Abstract

Protein kinases have emerged as a major drug target in the last years. Since more than 500 kinases are encoded in the human genome, cross-reactivity of a majority of kinase inhibitors causes problems. Tools are required for a rapid classification of inhibitors according to their affinity for a certain target to refine the search for new, more specific lead compounds. Mass spectrometry (MS) is increasingly used in pharmaceutical research and drug discovery to investigate protein-ligand interactions and determination of binding affinities. We present a comparison of different existing nanoelectrospray-MS based methods to quantify binding affinities and qualitatively rank, by competitive experiments, the affinity of several clinical inhibitors. We also present a new competitive method which is derived from our previous work for quantitative assessment of binding strengths (Wortmann et al., J. Mass Spectrom. 2008, 43(5), 600-608). The human kinases studied for this purpose were p38alpha (MAPK14) and LCK (lymphocyte specific kinase), and their interaction with 17 known small molecule kinase inhibitors was probed. Moreover, we present a new method to differentiate type I from type II inhibitors (Liu, Y.; Gray, N. S. Nat. Chem. Biol. 2006, 2(7), 358-364) based on a kinetic experiment with direct MS read-out of the noncovalent complex between the human kinase and the inhibitor. This method was successfully applied to p38alpha binding to BIRB796, as well as to a BIRB796 analogue. Quantitative determination of the binding strength is also described. The results of our competitive experiments for the affinity classification of different inhibitors, as well as the results for the kinetic study, are in good agreement with IC(50) measurements and data found in the literature.

Item Type: Article
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 00:54
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/1481

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