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Serum concentrations of DKK-1 decrease in patients with multiple myeloma responding to anti-myeloma treatment.

Heider, Ulrike, Kaiser, Martin, Mieth, Maren, Lamottke, Britta, Rademacher, Jessica, Jakob, Christian, Braendle, Edgar, Stover, David and Sezer, Orhan (2009) Serum concentrations of DKK-1 decrease in patients with multiple myeloma responding to anti-myeloma treatment. European Journal of Haematology, 82 (1). pp. 31-38. ISSN 1600-0609


Lytic bone destruction is a hallmark of multiple myeloma (MM) and is because of an uncoupling of bone remodeling. Secretion of Dickkopf (DKK)-1 by myeloma cells is a major factor which causes inhibition of osteoblast precursors. In this study, the effect of different treatment regimens for MM on serum DKK-1 was evaluated and correlated with the response to treatment in 101 myeloma patients receiving bortezomib, thalidomide, lenalidomide, adriamycin and dexamethasone (AD) or high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). At baseline, myeloma patients had increased serum DKK-1 as compared with patients with MGUS (mean 3786 pg/mL vs. 1993 pg/mL). There was no difference between previously untreated MM patients and patients at relapse. A significant decrease of DKK-1 after therapy was seen in the following groups: Bortezomib (4059 pg/mL vs. 1862 pg/mL, P = 0.016), lenalidomide (11837 pg/mL vs. 4374 pg/mL, P = 0.039), AD (1668 pg/mL vs. 1241 pg/mL, P = 0.016), and AD + HDCT + ASCT (2446 pg/mL vs. 1082 pg/mL, P = 0.001). Thalidomide led to a non-significant decrease in DKK-1 (1705 pg/mL vs. 1269 pg/mL, P = 0.081). Within all groups, a significant decrease of DKK-1 was only seen in responders (i.e. patients achieving complete remission or partial remission), but not in non-responders. We show for the first time that serum DKK-1 levels decrease in myeloma patients responding to treatment, irrespective of the regimen chosen. These data suggest that myeloma cells are the main source of circulating DKK-1 protein and provide a framework for clinical trials on anti-DKK-1 treatment in MM.

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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 13:48


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