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Serum concentrations of DKK-1 decrease in patients with multiple myeloma responding to anti-myeloma treatment.

Heider, Ulrike and Kaiser, Martin and Mieth, Maren and Lamottke, Britta and Rademacher, Jessica and Jakob, Christian and Braendle, Edgar and Stover, David and Sezer, Orhan (2009) Serum concentrations of DKK-1 decrease in patients with multiple myeloma responding to anti-myeloma treatment. European Journal of Haematology, 82 (1). pp. 31-38. ISSN 1600-0609


Lytic bone destruction is a hallmark of multiple myeloma (MM) and is because of an uncoupling of bone remodeling. Secretion of Dickkopf (DKK)-1 by myeloma cells is a major factor which causes inhibition of osteoblast precursors. In this study, the effect of different treatment regimens for MM on serum DKK-1 was evaluated and correlated with the response to treatment in 101 myeloma patients receiving bortezomib, thalidomide, lenalidomide, adriamycin and dexamethasone (AD) or high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). At baseline, myeloma patients had increased serum DKK-1 as compared with patients with MGUS (mean 3786 pg/mL vs. 1993 pg/mL). There was no difference between previously untreated MM patients and patients at relapse. A significant decrease of DKK-1 after therapy was seen in the following groups: Bortezomib (4059 pg/mL vs. 1862 pg/mL, P = 0.016), lenalidomide (11837 pg/mL vs. 4374 pg/mL, P = 0.039), AD (1668 pg/mL vs. 1241 pg/mL, P = 0.016), and AD + HDCT + ASCT (2446 pg/mL vs. 1082 pg/mL, P = 0.001). Thalidomide led to a non-significant decrease in DKK-1 (1705 pg/mL vs. 1269 pg/mL, P = 0.081). Within all groups, a significant decrease of DKK-1 was only seen in responders (i.e. patients achieving complete remission or partial remission), but not in non-responders. We show for the first time that serum DKK-1 levels decrease in myeloma patients responding to treatment, irrespective of the regimen chosen. These data suggest that myeloma cells are the main source of circulating DKK-1 protein and provide a framework for clinical trials on anti-DKK-1 treatment in MM.

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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 13:48


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