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A small molecule inhibitor, 1,2,4,5-benzenetetraamine tetrahydrochloride, targeting the y397 site of focal adhesion kinase decreases tumor growth.

Golubovskaya, Vita M and Nyberg, Carl and Zheng, Min and Kweh, Frederick and Magis, Andrew and Ostrov, David and Cance, William G (2008) A small molecule inhibitor, 1,2,4,5-benzenetetraamine tetrahydrochloride, targeting the y397 site of focal adhesion kinase decreases tumor growth. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 51 (23). pp. 7405-7416. ISSN 1520-4804

Abstract

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor kinase that is overexpressed in many types of tumors. We developed a novel cancer-therapy approach, targeting the main autophosphorylation site of FAK, Y397, by computer modeling and screening of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) small molecule compounds database. More than 140,000 small molecule compounds were docked into the N-terminal domain of the FAK crystal structure in 100 different orientations that identified 35 compounds. One compound, 14 (1,2,4,5-benzenetetraamine tetrahydrochloride), significantly decreased viability in most of the cells to the levels equal to or higher than control FAK inhibitor 1a (2-[5-chloro-2-[2-methoxy-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenylamino]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]-N-methylbenzamide, TAE226) from Novartis, Inc. Compound 14 specifically and directly blocked phosphorylation of Y397-FAK in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It increased cell detachment and inhibited cell adhesion in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, 14 effectively caused breast tumor regression in vivo. Thus, targeting the Y397 site of FAK with 14 inhibitor can be effectively used in cancer therapy.

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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 00:55
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/1421

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