Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Use of high-density tiling microarrays to identify mutations globally and elucidate mechanisms of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum.

Dharia, Neekesh V and Sidhu, Amar BS and Cassera, María B and Westenberger, Scott J and Bopp, Selina ER and Eastman, Rich T and Plouffe, David and Batalov, Sergei and Park, Daniel J and Volkman, Sarah K and Wirth, Dyann F and Zhou, Yingyao and Fidock, David A and Winzeler, Elizabeth (2009) Use of high-density tiling microarrays to identify mutations globally and elucidate mechanisms of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum. Genome Biology, 10 (2). R21-R21. ISSN 1465-6914

Abstract

BACKGROUND:The identification of genetic changes that confer drug resistance or other phenotypic changes in pathogens can help optimize treatment strategies, support the development of new therapeutic agents, and provide information about the likely function of genes. Elucidating mechanisms of phenotypic drug resistance can also assist in identifying the mode of action of uncharacterized but potent antimalarial compounds identified in high-throughput chemical screening campaigns against Plasmodium falciparum. RESULTS: Here we show that tiling microarrays can detect de novo a large proportion of the genetic changes that differentiate one genome from another. We show that we detect most single nucleotide polymorphisms or small insertion deletion events and all known copy number variations that distinguish three laboratory isolates using readily accessible methods. We used the approach to discover mutations that occur during the selection process after transfection. We also elucidated a mechanism by which parasites acquire resistance to the antimalarial fosmidomycin, which targets the parasite isoprenoid synthesis pathway. Our microarray-based approach allowed us to attribute in vitro derived fosmidomycin resistance to a copy number variation event in the pfdxr gene, which enables the parasite to overcome fosmidomycin-mediated inhibition of isoprenoid biosynthesis. CONCLUSIONS: We show that newly emerged single nucleotide polymorphisms can readily be detected and that malaria parasites can rapidly acquire gene amplifications in response to in vitro drug pressure. The ability to define comprehensively genetic variability in P. falciparum with a single overnight hybridization creates new opportunities to study parasite evolution and improve the treatment and control of malaria.

Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF may be used
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:49
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 00:57
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/1222

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.