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Identification of novel therapeutic targets for HIV infection through functional genomic cDNA screening.

Nguyen, Deborah and Yin, Hong and Zhou, Yingyao and Wolff, Karen and Kuhen, Kelli and Caldwell, Jeremy (2007) Identification of novel therapeutic targets for HIV infection through functional genomic cDNA screening. Virology, 362 (1). pp. 16-25. ISSN 0042-6822

Abstract

Despite decades of research, HIV remains a global health threat. Issues of multi-drug resistance and lack of an effective vaccine have recently led to the targeting of host factors for anti-viral drug development. While a few genome-wide screens for novel HIV co-factors have been reported, the promise of finding a therapeutic target has yet to be realized. Here, we report a screen of a cDNA library representing 15,000 unique genes in an infectious HIV system, and show that genomic screening can lead to the identification of novel proviral host factors. Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3/MAP3K11) was identified as one of the strongest enhancers of infection and mutant studies show that its activity is dependent on its kinase function. Consistent with its known role in the activation of the AP-1 pathway through JNK kinase, MLK3 was able to enhance Tat-dependent HIV transcription in vitro thus leading to an increase in infection signal. RNA interference studies confirm the involvement of endogenous MLK3 in HIV infection, further implicating this kinase as a potential therapeutic target.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
Keywords: Cellular co-factors in HIV replication; Genomic screening
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 14:05
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:27
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/122

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