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A novel crystal structure of the Dengue virus NS5 polymerase delineates inter-domain amino acids residues that enhance its thermostability and de novo initiation activities.

Lim, Siew Pheng and Koh, Hong Kiew Jolene and Seh, Cheah Chen and Liew, Chong Wai and Davidson, Andrew D and Chua, leng Shiew and Chandrasekaran, Ramya and Cornvik, Tobias and Shi, Pei-Yong and Lescar, Julien (2013) A novel crystal structure of the Dengue virus NS5 polymerase delineates inter-domain amino acids residues that enhance its thermostability and de novo initiation activities. Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/

Abstract

The dengue virus (DENV) NS5 protein comprises a N-terminal methyltransferase (MTase) and a C-terminal RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain. Both enzymatic activities form attractive targets for antiviral development. Available crystal structures of NS5 fragments indicate that residues 263-271 (using the DENV serotype 3 numbering) located between the two globular domains of NS5 could be flexible. We observed that the addition of linker residues to the N-terminal end of the DENV RdRp core domain stabilize DENV1-4 proteins and improve their de novo polymerase initiation activities, by enhancing the turnover of the RNA and NTP substrates. Mutation studies of linker residues also indicate their importance for viral replication. We report the structure at 2.6 Å resolution of a RdRp fragment from DENV3, spanning residues 265-900 which has enhanced catalytic properties compared to the RdRp fragment (residues 272-900) reported previously. This new orthorhombic crystal form (space-group P21212,) comprises two polymerase molecules arranged as a dimer around a non-crystallographic dyad. The enzyme adopts a closed “pre-initiation” conformation similar to the one that was captured previously in space-group C2221 with one molecule per asymmetric unit. The structure reveals that residues 269-271 interact with the RdRp domain and suggests that residues 263-268 of the NS5 protein from DENV3 are the major contributors to the flexibility between its MTase and RdRp domains. Together, these results should inform the screening and development of antiviral inhibitors directed against the DENV RdRp.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Flavivirus, dengue virus NS5 protein, RNA dependent RNA polymerase, linker region
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/10915

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