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Heterogeneous Classifier Fusion for Ligand-Based Virtual Screening: Or, How Decision Making by Committee Can Be a Good Thing

Riniker, Sereina and Fechner, Nikolas and Landrum, Gregory (2013) Heterogeneous Classifier Fusion for Ligand-Based Virtual Screening: Or, How Decision Making by Committee Can Be a Good Thing. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53. pp. 2829-2836.


The concept of data fusion - the combination of information from different sources describing the same object
with the expectation to generate a more accurate representation - has found application in a very broad range of disciplines. In the context of ligand-based virtual screening (VS), data fusion has been applied to combine knowledge from either different active molecules or different fingerprints to improve similarity search performance. Machine-learning (ML) methods based on fusion of multiple homogeneous classifiers, in particular random forests, have also been widely applied in the ML literature. The heterogeneous version of classifier fusion - fusing the predictions from different model types - has been less explored. Here, we investigate heterogeneous classifier fusion for ligand-based VS using three different ML methods, RF, naı̈ve Bayes (NB), and logistic regression (LR), with four 2D fingerprints, atom pairs, topological torsions, RDKit fingerprint, and circular fingerprint. The methods are compared using a previously developed benchmarking platform for 2D fingerprints which is extended to ML methods in this article. The original data sets are filtered for difficulty, and a new set of challenging data sets from ChEMBL is added. Data sets were also generated for a second use case: starting from a small set of related actives instead of diverse actives. The final fused model consistently outperforms the other approaches across the broad variety of targets studied, indicating that heterogeneous classifier fusion is a very promising approach for ligand-based VS. The new data sets together with the adapted source code for ML methods are provided in the Supporting Information.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The paper and supplementary material include a collection of non-proprietary structures from public data sources.
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:13


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