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Rational design, synthesis and biological evaluation of modular fluorogenic substrates with high affinity and selectivity for PTP1B

Sanchini, Silvano and Perruccio, Francesca and Piizzi, Grazia (2014) Rational design, synthesis and biological evaluation of modular fluorogenic substrates with high affinity and selectivity for PTP1B. ChemBioChem, 15 (7). pp. 961-976. ISSN 1439-7633

Abstract

Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a key regulatory enzyme in several signal transduction pathways, and its upregulation has been associated with type-2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. Selective determination of the functional significance of PTP1B remains a major challenge because the activity of this crucial enzyme is currently evaluated through the use of fluorescent probes that lack selectivity and are limited to biochemical assays. Here we describe the rational design, synthesis and biological evaluation of new modular PTP1B fluorogenic substrates. The self-immolative 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol has been used as a key component for the design of phosphotyrosine mimics linked to a latent chromophore, which is released through an enzyme-initiated domino reaction. Preliminary biological investigations showed that, by optimising the stereoelectronic properties and the binding interactions at the enzyme active site, it is possible to achieve substrates with high affinity and promising selectivity. Due to their modular nature, the synthesised fluorogenic probes represent versatile tools; customisation of the different subunits could widen the scope of these probes to a broader range of in vitro assays. Finally, these studies elucidate the critical role played by Asp181 in the PTP1B-catalysed dephosphorylation mechanism: disruption of the native conformation of this key amino acid residue on the WDP loop yields fluorogenic inhibitors, rather than substrates. For this reason, our studies also represent a step forward for the development of improved PTP1B noncovalent inhibitors. Smart probes: The aminocoumarin latent chromophore is released through an enzyme-initiated 1,6-elimination reaction. Optimisation of the stereoelectronic properties and of the binding interactions at the enzyme active site led to substrates with high affinity and promising selectivity. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Item Type: Article
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Keywords: enzyme catalysis fluorescent probes fluorogenic substrates modular probes PTP1B structure-activity relationships
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Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:46
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/10764

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